projekt obywatelstwo #9 – odpowiedzi 61 – 98

W piątek, po porannym szkoleniu dotyczącym naszego nowego ESP (nota bene – umarłam i poszłam do nieba marketingu emailowego!), spotkałam się z długo niewidzianą przyjaciółką Leną.

Lena, jak ostatnio wszystkie moje bliższe koleżanki, jest w ciąży… Jak jeszcze jakaś następna się objawi w niedalekiej przyszłości, to będę krzyczeć… i proszę bardzo, można mnie zamknąć w domu wariatów-frustratów. Mam dość dobrych wiadomości. Nie żebym się nie cieszyła z ich szczęścia. Wręcz przeciwnie, bardzo się cieszę i nie mogę się doczekać kupowania wyprawek i innych takich, ale moje pozytywne nastawienie w kwestii zachodzenia w ciążę (a reczej niezachodzenia) jest już mocno nadwerężone i więcej nie zniesie…

No, ale nie o tym miało być. Lena zdawała niedawno test Life in the UK i powiedziała, że w przeciwieństwie do przykładów na stronie, sam test nie ma po cztery odpowiedzi na pytanie, a zaledwie po dwie i są one tak dobrane, że nawet jeśli się nie zna odpowiedzi, łatwo ją wydedukować. Zatem nie pozostaje nic innego, jak dokończyć te nieszczęsne pytania, pójść na test w przyszłym tygodniu i mieć z głowy.

Pytania 61 do 98, a na końcu pdf z wszystkimi pytaniami i odpowiedziami. Smacznego!

61. What are the ages of compulsory education? How does this differ in Northern Ireland? Who is responsible for ensuring a child attends school?

Education is compulsory for children aged 5 and 16 and 4 to 16 in Northern Ireland. The parents or guardians are responsible for the child going to school; arriving on time and attending the whole year.

62. What are the different stages of education? At what age do children leave school? Where can people get details of local schools?

Primary – 5 to 11 in England; 5 – 12 in Scotland and 4 to 11 in NI.
Secondary – lasts until 16. After that people can choose to leave school or to continue with education until they are 17 or 18.
Details of local schools are available from your local education authority office or website.

63. At what age do children go to secondary school? How does this differ in Scotland?

Secondary – lasts until 16. After that people can choose to leave school or to continue with education until they are 17 or 18.

64. What are faith schools? What are independent schools?

Faith schools are linked to religious groups.
Independent schools are private schools, sometimes called public schools. Parents pay all the cost of the child’s education. The state does not finance it.

65. What is the national curriculum? At what ages do children take key stage tests in England? At what age do children take GCSEs and A levels?

National curriculum covers English, maths, science, design and technology, information and communication technology (ICT), history, geography, modern foreign languages, art and design, music, PE – physical education and citizenship. In Wales additionally Welsh.
Key stage tests in England – SATS at ages 7, 11 and 14.
GCSEs are taken at 16.
A levels are taken at 18.

66. How is education different in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales?

Different ages for certain levels of education. No tests in Wales other than at 14 and levels A to F in Scotland. Scotland will be introducing a Curriculum for Excellence soon which will concern children aged 3 to 18.

67. What is the role of a school governing body (or a school board in Scotland)?

The governing body has a range of duties and powers and a general responsibility for the conduct of the school with a view to promoting high standards of educational achievement including setting targets for pupil achievement, managing the school’s finances, making sure the curriculum is balanced and broadly based, appointing staff and reviewing staff performance and pay and many more.

68. What do further education colleges offer?

They offer help in improving exam grades or to get new qualifications for a career. They also offer courses (Skills for Life courses) to adults over the age of 18.

69. What is ESOL? What are adult education classes?

ESOL – English for Speakers of Other Languages.
Adult education classes help learn a new skill or hobby and meet new people.

70. How do university students pay their tuition fees?

Universities can charge up to £3000*per year for their tuition fees, but students only start re-paying the government once in permanent employment after finishing uni.

*According to the book. This has recently changed.

71. What is the film classification system? What are the classifications?

U – universal, suitable for anyone aged 4 and over.
PG – parental guidance, suitable for everyone, but some parts of the film might be unsuitable for children. Parents should decide.
12 and 12a – children under 12 are not allowed to see or rent the film unless they are with an adult.
15 – children under 15 are not allowed to see or rent the film.
18 – children under 18 are not allowed to see or rent the film.
R18 – children under 18 are not allowed to see or rent the film, which is only available in specially licensed cinemas.

72. What is a television licence? What is the licence money used to pay for?

Anyone i the UK with a TV, DVD or video recorder, computer or any device which is for watching TV programmes must be covered by a TV License. One license covers all of the equipment at one address, unless people rent rooms in a shared house. Each must have their own License. It pays for state TV and Radio broadcasting.

73. What is the National Trust?

The National Trust is a charity that works to preserve important buildings and countryside in the UK.

74. How old must people be to buy alcohol? How old must people be to go into betting shops?

They must be over 18 to buy alcohol or go into a betting shop.

75. What services are offered by vets?

Vaccinations and medical treatment for animals.

76. Which organisations provide information about trains, buses and coaches? Which groups of people can get discount tickets?

Trains – National Tail Enquiry Service or Translink in NI. Buses – National Express, Scottish Citylink or Translink in NI.
Discount tickets are available for families, people aged 60 and over, disabled, students and people under 26.

77. How can a person get a driving licence? How long can overseas driving licences be used for in the UK?

There are 3 stages of getting a full driving license and you must be at least 17 to drive a car or a motorcycle.
1. Apply for a provisional license (no driving on motorways, L plates or D plates in Wales).
2. Pass written theory test.
3. Pass practical driving test.

If your driving license is from an EU country, Iceland, Lichtenstein or Norway, you can drive in the UK as long as your license is valid. If from a country outside the EU, you may use it up to 12 months and in the meantime go through the 3 stages of getting a full driving license.

78. What is motor insurance, road tax and MOT? Where can people purchase a road tax disc? Who can provide an MOT certificate?

Motor insurance – it is a criminal offence to have a car without motor insurance. It is illegal to allow someone to use your car if they are not insured to drive it.
Road tax – you have to pay a tax to drive your car on the roads. You can buy a road tax disc at the post office.
MOT – if your vehicle is over 3 yrs old you must take it every year for a Ministry of Transport test done by an approved garage. If your MOT is not valid, your insurance won’t be valid. It’s an offence to drive a car without an MOT.

79. What are the laws covering seat belts, crash helmets and holding mobile phones whilst driving? What are the speed limits for cars and motorcycles?

The law is Highway code.
Speed limits are:
30 miles per hour (mph) in built-up areas, unless signs show a different limit
60 mpg on a single* carriageways.
70 mph on motorways and dual* carriageways (this does not apply to vans).

Speed limits are lower for buses, lorries and cars pulling caravans.

* A single carriageway is a road with no physical separation — central reservation between opposing flows of traffic. It is the most common type of road. It usually has two or more marked traffic lanes, with at least one in each direction. Narrow rural roads and residential streets may not have markings. A one-way street is, by definition, also a single-carriageway.  A road with no central reservation is a single carriageway regardless of the number of lanes of traffic in each direction.

80. What should people do if they are involved in a road accident?

Stop (don’t drive away) . Call the police and ambulance (if needed). Get the names, addresses, vehicle registration numbers and insurance details of the other drivers. Give your details to the other drivers and the police. Make a note of everything that happened and contact your insurance company.

81. What identity documents are generally accepted?

Home Office documents.
Certificate of identity.
Passport or travel document.
National Insurance card.
Driving license.
Utility bill with your name on it.
Rent or benefits book.

82. Where are jobs advertised? Where can people access advice on finding jobs and claiming benefits?

Jobs are usually advertised in local and national newspapers, Jobcentres, employment agencies, supermarket boards, shop windows and online.
Advice can be sought from Jobcentres Plus.

83. What is a CV? Who can be a referee? What is the purpose of a job interview?

CV – curriculum viate (usually written document) – gives specific details on your education, qualifications, previous employment, skills and interests.
Referee – someone who knows you well on a professional level.
Job interview – gives a chance for the employer and employee to get more information about each other and the job.

84. Which organisations offer information on law and discrimination?

Commission for Equality and Human Rights. Equality Commission in NI.

85. What can individuals do if they are subject to sexual harassment?

Ask the person to stop their behaviour. Keep a record of inappropriate behaviour. Tell your employer or seek advice from Equal Opportunities Commission (Commission for Equality and Human Rights).

86. What are the legal responsibilities of employers? What is the purpose of a contract? What is the purpose of a pay slip?

Employers have to pay employees for the work they do, treat them fairly and take responsibility for their health and safety while at work. Within two months of starting work your employer should give you a written contract or statement with all the details and conditions of your work.  This should include your responsibilities, pay, working hours, holidays, sick pay and pension, as well as notice period.

A pay slip must be given to an employee each time they are paid and it must show exactly how much money has been taken off for tax and national insurance contribution.

87. What is tax? How is it paid?

Tax is the money you pay from your earnings to the government for services like: roads, education, police and armed forces. Tax is automatically taken from your earnings by the employer and paid directly to HMRC.

88. What is National Insurance? How is it paid? How can people obtain a National Insurance number?

Money raised from National Insurance pays for the State Retirement Pension and helps fund the NHS (National Health Service).
Employees have their NI contributions deducted from pay by their employer or pay it themselves if are self employed.

Just before their 16th birthday, all young people in the UK are sent a NI number. You can apply for one through Jobcentre Plus or a local Social Security Office.

89. What is a State Pension? What is the State Pension age for men and for women?

Everyone in the UK who has paid enough NI contributions will get a State Pension when they retire. State Pension age is 65 for men and 60 for women (according to the book).

Currently, the State Pension age for men is 65. On 6 April 2010, the State Pension age for women started to increase gradually from 60 to 65, to match men’s. Info from – http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/Nl1/Newsroom/SpendingReview/DG_192159
State pension age calculator.

90. Who can offer information on occupational or personal pensions?

The Pension Advisory Service.

91. What are trade unions? For what reasons can employees be dismissed from their job? What is an employment tribunal?

Trade unions are organisations that aim to improve the pay and working conditions of their members. They also give their members advice and support on problems at work.

An employee can be dismissed immediately for serious misconduct at work. Anyone who cannot do their job properly, or is unacceptably late or absent from work, should be given a warning by their employer. If their behaviour does not improve, the employer can give them notice to leave their job. It is against the law to dismiss someone from work unfairly.

Employment Tribunal is a court which specialises in employment matters.

92. What is redundancy? What is jobseeker’s allowance?

Redundancy is losing your job because the company you work for no longer needs someone to do the job or cannot afford to pay you.

Jobseeker’s allowance is financial support for unemployed who are capable of working, available and trying to find work.

93. What responsibilities do self-employed people have?

Self-employed people are responsible for paying their own tax and National Insurance. They have to keep detailed records of what they earn and spend on their business and send their business accounts to HM Revenue and Customs every year. They also have to register for tax and NI.

94. Where can people get advice on setting up their own business?

Banks or Business Link.

95. What is maternity leave? What is paternity leave?

Maternity leave provides 26 weeks off from work, when the child is born. Paternity leave provides up to 2 weeks time off from work, with pay, when the child is born.

96. Where can people access information on childcare and registered childminders?

Information can be obtained from the Childcare Link.

97. What is the earliest legal age at which children can do paid work? What documents must a child have before they can work?

The earliest legal age at which children can do paid work is 13 (exceptions include modeling). Not all local authorities allow this. Children must apply for a licence from the local authority. Sometimes they may have to obtain medical certificate before working.

98. What type of jobs can children NOT do? What are the limits on working hours and times for children?

Children are not allowed to:
– deliver milk
– sell alcohol, cigarettes or medicines
– work in a kitchen or behind the counter of a chip shop
– work with dangerous machinery or chemicals or do any other kind of work that may be harmful to their health or education

Every child must have at least two consecutive weeks a year during the school holidays when they do not work. They cannot work:
– for more than 4 hours without one hour rest break
– for more than 3 hours on any school day or a Sunday
– more than 5 hours (13 – 14 year olds) or 8 hours (15 – 16 year olds) on Saturdays (or weekdays during school holidays).
– before 7 am or after 7 pm
– before the close of school hours (except where local by laws allow 1h before school)
– for more than 12 hours in any school week
– for more than 25 hours a week (13 – 14 year olds) or 35 hours (15 – 16 year olds) during school holidays

THE END

Life in the UK Test – questions and answers

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