Tym razem bedzie hurtowo. Nadrabiamy zaległości po przerwie. W tym tygodniu tyrałam jak dziki osioł, a teraz zamiast spokojnie odpoczywać – przepisuję książkę… Porażka. Terminowa praca nigdy nie należała do moich mocnych stron. Co ciekawe, kiedy uda mi się dotrzymać terminu, cieszę się jak głupi do sera (tak, wiem, że powinno być ‚śmieję się’, ale jakoś nic lepszego mi chwilowo do głowy nie przychodzi).
Wracając do spraw przyziemno-obywatelskich. Czas na odpowiedzi na kolejne pytania. W tym odcinku również eksperyment z iPadio (AUDIO: EmigrantkaUK – Life in the UK – questions 11 to 20).
11. How many people say they have a religion and how many attend religious services? What are the largest religious groups?
In the 2001 census just over 75% said they had a religion. The largest religious groups are:
- Christian (71.6%)
- Muslim (2.7%)
- Hindu (1.0%)
- Sikh (0.6%)
- Jewish (0.5%)
- Buddhist (0.5%)
12. What is the Church of England and who is its head? What are the main Christian groups?
Church of England is the official church of the state and it’s head is the monarch (the king or the queen). The spiritual leader of the Church of England is the Archbishop of Canterbury.
The main Christian groups are:
- Roman Catholics (10% and 40% in NI).
13. What sports and sporting events are popular in the UK?
Football, tennis, rugby and cricket are very popular sports in the UK. Important sporting events include: the Grand National horse race, FA cup, the Open golf championship and the Wimbledon tennis tournament.
14. Do people tend to live in the cities or in the country?
Most of the population live in towns and cities.
15. What and when are the Patron Saints’ Days of the four countries of the UK? What are bank holidays?
Patron Saint’s Days are national saint’s (patron) feast days. In the past these were celebrated as holy days when many people had a day off. Today these are not public holidays, except for 17 March in NI.
- England – St. George’s Day on 23 April
- Wales – St. David’s Day on 1 March
- Scotland – St. Andrew’s Day on 30 November
- NI – St. Patrick’s Day on 17 March
Bank holidays are public holidays when people have a day off.
16. What and when are the main Christian festivals? What other traditional days are celebrated?
The main Christian festivals are Christmas and Easter. Christmas is celebrated on 25 December. Easter celebrations fluctuate and are on different dates each year.
Other festivals and traditions include:
- New Year – celebrated on 1 Jan. It’s a public holiday.
- Valentine’s Day – 14 Feb – lovers’ holiday.
- April Fool’s Day – 1 Apr – a day when people play jokes on each other until midday.
- Mother’s Day – celebrated the Sunday 3 weeks before Easter.
- Halloween – 31 October – is a very ancient festival.
- Guy Fawkes Night – 5 November – fireworks – the origin of this celebration goes back to 1605 when a group of people led by Guy Fawkes (Catholics) failed to kill the Protestant king with a bomb in the Houses of Parliament.
- Remembrance Day – 11 november – commemorates those who died fighting in WW1 and WW2.
17.What type of constitution does the UK have?
The British Constitution is not written in down in any single document. The UK is a constitutional democracy and the UK is a constitutional monarchy.
18. What is the Queen’s official role and what ceremonial duties does she have?
The Queen Elizabeth II is the Head of State of the United Kingdom and the monarch or Head of State for many countries in the Commonwealth. Her ceremonial duties include for example opening of the new parliamentary session each year.
19. What is the House of Lords and who are its members?
The House of Lords, known as peers, are not elected and do not represent a constituency. They form the upper chamber of the Parliament. The House of Lords is more independent of the government. It can suggest amendments or propose new laws, which are then discussed by the House of Commons. Its members are Life Peers appointed by the Queen on advice from the Prime Minister and they include people nominated by the leaders of main parties and by independent Appointments Commission for non-party peers. The peers usually have a distinguished career in politics, business, law or other profession.
20. What are MPs? How often are elections held and who forms the government?
MPs are Members o Parliament. General elections are held at least every five years and they elect MPs. The government is then formed by the party which wins the majority of constituencies.
W kolejnym odcinku – o słabości do zakupów i o apetycie na sukienki…